Nelson Mandela – Nelson Mandela BIOGRAPHY
|Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
|18 July 1918
Mwezo, Cape Town, South Africa
|Father ( Father Name)
|Gedla Henry Mfakeniswa
|Mother ( Mother Name)
|· Evelyn Ntoko Mace,
· Winnie Madikizela,
· Grasha Machal
|Children ‘s Name
|Medica Thembekal Mandela,
· Makgatho Lewanika Mandela,
· Zenani Mandela,
· zinziswa mandela
|Political Party _
|African National Congress
|5 December 2013
Houghton, Johannesburg, South Africa
The full name of Nelson Mandela is Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela . He was born on 18 July 1918 in Cape Town, South Africa. He was the first black former President of South Africa.
He became the President of South Africa and served from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first chief executive who was black and the first to win a democratic election.
He entered politics to remove color discrimination. Along with this, he served as the President of the African National Congress (ANC) from 1991 to 1997.
Internationally, Nelson Mandela participated in a variety of political campaigns and movements from 1998 to 1999. He completed his primary education from Fort Hare University and law from the University of the Witwatersrand.
While living in Johannesburg, he started participating in many political programs and campaigns. He later joined the ANC to become the founder of the Youth League.
In 1948, when white people were given more importance in government rights, he started the Black Campaign in 1952 with his ANC party. After this, he became the President of Congress in 1955. He was a lawyer yet he was imprisoned for many of his activities.
On August 5, 1962, he was arrested for inciting workers to strike and leaving the country without permission. For this reason, he was prosecuted and on July 12, 1964, he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
After sentencing him, he was sent to Robben Island prison for punishment but even that punishment did not diminish his enthusiasm. In the jail itself, he started mobilizing the black prisoners.
He spent 27 years of his life in prison. He was later released on 11 February 1990. After his release, he laid the foundation of a democratic and multi-ethnic Africa by a policy of compromise and peace.
Apartheid-free elections were held in South Africa in 1994. In which the African National Congress obtained 62% votes and formed its government with a majority. Nelson Mandela became the first black President of his country on 10 May 1994.
The new constitution was approved by the Parliament in 1996, under which a number of institutions were established to check political and administrative rights. Nelson Mandela separated from active politics in 1997 and after 2 years he also left the post of Congress President in 1999.
Nelson Mandela's thinking was very much like that of Mahatma Gandhi. Nelson Mandela was also a supporter of the non-violent path. He considered Mahatma Gandhi as his inspiration and learned the lesson of non-violence from him.
The people of Africa considered Mandela as their President. In 2004, a statue of Mandela was installed in the Sandton Square Shopping Center in Johannesburg and the center was renamed Nelson Mandela Square.
In South Africa, they are called Madi Bakah, which is a respectful term for elders. In November 2009, the United Nations General Assembly declared his birthday (18 July) ‘Mandela Day' in honor of his contribution to the anti-apartheid struggle.
To commemorate Mandela's 67 years of association with the movement, people were urged to donate 67 minutes out of 24 hours a day to help others. Mandela has been awarded more than 250 honors and awards by various countries and institutions around the world.
Mandela had three marriages in which he had six children and his family had a total of 17 grandchildren. In October 1944 he married Evelyn Mace, sister of his friend and colleague Walter Sisulu.
In 1961, Mandela was also tried for treason, but the court found him innocent. It was during this trial that he met his second wife, Nomzamo Winnie Madikijala. In 1998, on his 80th birthday, he married Grace Meikle.
Mandela died at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, on 5 December 2013 of a lung infection. He was 95 years old at the time of his death and his entire family was with him. His death was announced by President Jacob Zuma.
Movie and Books
In 1994, Mandela published his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom, much of which he had secretly written while in prison. The book inspired the 2013 movie Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom.
He also published a number of books on his life and struggles, among them No Easy Walk to Freedom; Nelson Mandela: The Struggle Is My Life; and Nelson Mandela's Favorite African Folktales.
In 2009, Mandela's birthday (July 18) was declared Mandela Day, an international day to promote global peace and celebrate the South African leader's legacy. According to the Nelson Mandela Foundation, the annual event is meant to encourage citizens worldwide to give back the way that Mandela has throughout his lifetime.
A statement on the Nelson Mandela Foundation's website reads: “Mr. Mandela gave 67 years of his life fighting for the rights of humanity. All we are asking is that everyone gives 67 minutes of their time, whether it's supporting your chosen charity or serving your local community.”
Awards and Honors ( Nelson Mandela)
- Nobel Peace Prize jointly with former South African President Frederik Willem de Klerk in 1993
- President Medal of Freedom
- Order of Lenin
- Bharat Ratna
- Gandhi Peace Prize on 23 July 2008
- I hate race discrimination most intensely and in all its manifestations. I have fought it all during my life; I fight it now, and will do so until the end of my days.
- Difficulties break some men but make others. No axe is sharp enough to cut the soul of a sinner who keeps on trying, one armed with the hope that he will rise even in the end.
- Death is something inevitable. When a man has done what he considers to be his duty to his people and his country, he can rest in peace. I believe I have made that effort and that is, therefore, why I will sleep for the eternity.
- Those who conduct themselves with morality, integrity and consistency need not fear the forces of inhumanity and cruelty.
- Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do.
- Our march to freedom is irreversible. We must not allow fear to stand in our way.
- When a man is denied the right to live the life he believes in, he has no choice but to become an outlaw.
- I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it….The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear.
- Prison itself is a tremendous education in the need for patience and perseverance. It is above all a test of one's commitment.
- I can rest only for a moment, for with freedom come responsibilities, and I DARE not linger, for my long walk is not yet ended.
- During my lifetime I have dedicated myself to this struggle of the African people. I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against Black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.
- For to be free is not merely to cast off one's chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.
- If you want to make peace with your enemy, you have to work with your enemy. Then he becomes your partner.
- Man's goodness is a flame that can be hidden but never extinguished.
- I was made, by the law, a criminal, not because of what I had done, but because of what I stood for, because of what I thought, because of my conscience.
- The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.
- Wherever we are in the country, wherever we are in the world, let us reaffirm his vision of a society … in which none is exploited, oppressed or dispossessed by another.